Origins of Virtualism: An Interview with Frank Popper

Joseph Nechvatal 

“I certainly was aware of the possibilities of an enlarged perception and cognition in the public which was solicited by the members of the Nouvelle Tendance and other Op artists, including those specifically concerned with programmed and permutational art. Their activities formed not only a basis for the development of spectator participation into a still more global interactivity in the virtual era, but included also such plastic phenomena as virtual movement, virtual vibration, virtual light and virtual colors, both “musical” and environmental. This is clearly discernible already in the work of Victor Vasarely, Yaacov Agam, Carlos Cruz-Diez, Jesus-Rafael Soto and the GRAV group.” (…)

Joseph Nechvatal, Origins of Virtualism: An Interview with Frank Popper, University of Paris 8 – Paris 2003

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